Posted on October 31, 2019


Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP) is a protocol developed by Cisco which provides high RFC , which are defined in Finding Feature Information; Information About FHRP – HSRP MIB; How to to RFC , which are defined in In computer networking, the Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP) is a Cisco proprietary redundancy protocol for establishing a fault-tolerant default gateway. Version 1 of the protocol was described in RFC in

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This can be useful for dual branch routers each with a single link back to the gateway. If the standby router fails or becomes the active router, another router is elected as the standby router.

Hot Standby Router Protocol

In the case of routers with equal priority the router with the higher IP address wins. This field contains a clear text 8 character reused password. For each standby group, a rfv well-known MAC address is allocated to the group, as well as an IP address. A router cannot hssrp Speak state unless it has the virtual IP address.

Another router is elected as the standby router. It contains the amount of time that the current Hello message should be considered valid. The router knows the virtual IP address, but is neither the active router nor the standby router. In this state the router is still waiting to hear from the active router. A single router elected from the group is responsible for forwarding the packets that hosts send to the virtual router.

In particular, the protocol protects against the failure of the first hop router when the source host cannot learn the IP address of the first hop router dynamically.


When comparing priorities of two different routers, the router with the numerically higher priority wins. It contains the approximate period between the Hello messages that the router sends.

The virtual IP address used by this group. HSRP has the ability to trigger a failover if one or more interfaces on the router go down. Cisco protocols First-hop redundancy protocols.

This router is known as the active router. It is not compatible with version rcc HSRP. HSRP is not a routing protocol as it does not advertise IP routes or affect the routing table in any way.

Version 2 of the protocol introduces stability, scalability and diagnostic improvements. This field describes the current state of the router sending the message. The router is currently forwarding packets that are sent to the group’s virtual MAC address. If the primary router should fail, the router with the next-highest priority would take over the gateway IP address and answer ARP requests with the same MAC address, thus achieving transparent default gateway failover.

If multiple groups are used on a single LAN, load splitting can be achieved by distributing hosts among different standby groups.

HSRP, Hot Standby Router Protocol

The router has not determined the virtual IP address, and not yet seen an authenticated Hello message from the active router. This field is used to elect the active and standby routers.

This state is entered via a configuration change or when an interface first comes up. This set is known as an HSRP group or a gfc group. If the active router fails, bsrp standby router takes over as the active router. There is no RFC for version 2 of the protocol. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from ” https: HSRP gateways send multicast hello messages to other gateways to notify them of their priorities which gateway is preferred and current status active or standby.


Views Read Edit View history. The router sends periodic Hello messages. Each standby group emulates 228 single virtual router.

This is the starting state and indicates that HSRP is hsrrp running. If a router sends a Hello message, then receivers should consider that Hello message to be valid for one Holdtime.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. On a particular LAN, multiple hot standby groups may coexist and overlap. A router which is in active state MUST NOT learn new values for the Hellotime and the Holdtime from other routers, although it may continue to use values which it learned from the previous active router.

To minimize network traffic, only the active and the standby routers send periodic HSRP messages once the protocol has completed the election process. If the Hellotime is not configured on a router, then it MAY be learned from the Hello message from the active router.

Although an arbitrary number of routers may run HSRP, only the active router forwards hsep packets sent to the virtual router.

This field is only meaningful in Hello messages. If the link of the primary router goes down, the backup router will take over the primary functionality and thus retain connectivity to the gateway. If the Holdtime is not configured on a router, then it MAY be learned from the Hello message from the active router.