Posted on March 30, 2019


Grundgesetze, as mentioned, was to be Frege’s magnum opus. It was to provide rigorous, gapless proofs that arithmetic was just logic further. Gottlob Frege’s Grundgesetze der Arithmetik, or Basic Laws of Arithmetic, was intended to be his magnum opus, the book in which he would. Gottlob Frege’s Grundgesetze der Arithmetik, or Basic Laws of Arithmetic, was intended to be his magnum opus, the book in which he would finally establish his .

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Indeed, prior toit must have seemed to him that he had been completely successful in showing that the basic laws of arithmetic could be understood purely as logical truths. Harvard University Press, Oxford University Grundgesetxe, Chapter 9 looks at Frege’s proof that every subset of a countable set is countable and shows that Frege proves, as a lemma, a generalized version of the least number principle.

Gottlob Frege

Oxford University Press is a department of the University grundgeestze Oxford. Frege could then use mathematical induction to prove some of the basic laws of the freve numbers. To say that F is instantiated one time is to say there is an object x that instantiates Fand that for all objects yeither y does not instantiate F or y is x.

No two natural numbers have the same successor.

Gottlob Frege – Wikipedia

Chapter 1 is a brilliant introduction, an exciting read for Frege beginners and experts alike. Frege’s Philosophy of Language 3.


Although the Begriffsschrift constituted a major advance in logic, it was neither widely understood nor well-received. Arithmetic thus becomes simply a development of logic, and every proposition of arithmetic a law of logic, albeit a derivative one.

In Frege’s terminology, an object for which a concept has the True as gryndgesetze is said to ” fall under ” the concept. Category Task Force Discussion.

These are the statements involving function applications and the simple predications which fall out as a special case.

Oxford University Press, The first appears to be a trivial case of the law of self-identity, knowable a prioriwhile the second seems to be ggrundgesetze that was discovered a posteriori by astronomers. More important was that the referentiality argument would have entailed that Basic Law V is true.

Since the logic of grundgssetze guarantees that no object is non-self-identical, nothing falls under the concept being non-self-identical. On the notion of a value-range, see above. See Boolos for the details.

Indeed, Frege himself set out to demonstrate all of the basic laws of arithmetic within his own system of logic. This leads us naturally to a very general principle of identity for any objects whatever:.

A predicate calculus is a formal system a formal language and a method of proof in which one can represent valid inferences among predications, i.

To think otherwise is to confuse something’s being true with something’s being-taken-to-be-true. If we consider the two claims: Mathematical theories such as set theory seem to require some non-logical concepts such as set membership which cannot be defined in terms of logical concepts, at least when axiomatized by certain powerful non-logical axioms such as the proper axioms of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory.


Frege also held that propositions had a referential relationship with their truth-value in other words, a statement “refers” to the truth-value it takes.


His contributions include the development of modern logic in the Begriffsschrift and work in the foundations of mathematics. By contrast, in the modern predicate calculus, this last step of analyzing predication in terms of functions is not assumed; predication is seen as more fundamental than functional application.

They had at least two children, who unfortunately died young. Here, Frege tells us relatively little save that they exist. Bauer Mengelberg as Concept Notation: The language of the second-order predicate calculus starts with the following lists of simple terms:. So, the correlation that Basic Law V sets up between concepts and extensions will have to be one-to-one; i.

Frege’s response to this puzzle, given the distinction between sense and reference, should be apparent. Heck is not alone in arguing for this claim, however: