Posted on February 20, 2019


This manual provides guidance for planning and executing training on the mm Mseries rifle (M16A1/A2/A3/A4) and M4 carbine. It is a guide for. M16/A2 and M4 FM Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Department of the Army. (, August). Rifle marksmanship M/M4-series weapons (FM ). Washington, DC: Author. Dyer, J. L., Schaefer, P. S., Bink, .

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Remove the magazine, lock the bolt to the rear, and place the selector lever in the safe position. If the shot group is barely on the target a bold adjustment should be made.

To avoid the risk of further jamming, the firer should watch for ejection of a cartridge and ensure that the upper receiver is free of any loose rounds. When a live round is fired, it is difficult to see what effect trigger pull had on the lay of the rifle. Shot groups indicate considerable shooting error.

When storing ammunition in the open is necessary, it must be raised on dunnage at least 6 inches from the ground and protected with a cover, leaving enough space for air circulation. Do your soldiers demonstrate individual marksmanship proficiency during MOPP firing conditions?

When marksmanshop target exposures are expected or a sector of fire must be coveredthe soldier adjusts his natural point of aim to the center of the expected target exposure area or center of sector.

FM 3-22.9 Rifle Marksmanship M16A1, M16A2/3, M16A4, M4 CARBINE

Preliminary subjects include discussion on the weapons’ capabilities, mechanical training, and the fundamentals and principles of rifle marksmanship. All trainers must understand that rifle marksmanship is not a series of exercises to be trained in a planned sequence. The severity of a failure to msrksmanship determines the corrective action procedures.

It progresses to training advanced and collective skills under near-combat conditions during live-fire STXs. The size of the shot groups and the dispersion of the shot groupings are the main focus of markmanship exercise.

These markmsanship start with basic rifle marksmanship and progress into advanced rifle marksmanship. The soldier would then be ready to zero his weapon. Ensure the four fundamentals are being integrated into all exercises IAW this manual. Soldiers markemanship perform a function check on their weapon refer to TM 0. The coach should not use shot-group analysis as a stand-alone tool without observing the firer.


He then moves to various points around the firer sides and rear to check the correctness of the firer’s position.

A complete understanding of how the weapon functions is an integral part of applying immediate action procedures. It passes through the key downward into a space between the rear of the carrier’s bolt cavity and the rear of the bolt itself.

The following fundamentals must be reviewed by the chain of command. Shot groups indicate marksmansbip firer error.

Full text of “FM Rifle Marksmanship M16A1, M16A, M16A4, and M4 Carbine”

BIS in the stowed position. Placement should allow shoulders to remain level. Soldiers should avoid long-term use of percent tracer rounds, which could cause deposits of incendiary material, or chemical compounds that could damage the barrel. Record Fire marksmajship The soldier should be mindful of how the nose touches the charging handle and should be consistent when doing so. This reduces the effect of recoil and helps ensure a steady position.

He must scan the sector and apply detection skills and range estimation skills. The firer’ s dominant eye should be identified early in the training process to prevent unnecessary problems such as a blurred sight picture or the inability to acquire a tight shot group during the grouping exercise.

After zeroing, downrange feedback should be conducted. It is difficult to detect since he does not realize markmsanship is flinching. Marksmanship Fundamentals II training program.

Return charging handle to full forward position. As the bolt carrier moves to the rear, the bolt cam pin follows the path of the cam track located in the bolt carrier. Short recoil is usually due to a buildup of fouling in the carrier mechanism or gas tube, which could result in many failures to include a failure to eject. Too often soldiers disregard the fundamentals while under the pressure of combat. Reinforce preliminary marksmanship instruction PMI by performing the integrated act of shooting, and shoot two consecutive shot groups within a 4-cm circle at 25 meters.


Each RAS comes with a vertical pistol grip Figure The locking clamp 1 must grasp the RAS, and the screw that tightens the rail grabber must be tightened with a field tool such as a multipurpose tool. Mounting brackets are provided for each type of weapon.

Shot grouping should be conducted between dry-fire training and zeroing.

FM Table of Contents

Do they demonstrate proficiency collectively at the multipurpose range complex by hitting moving targets? A greater aiming marksmanshop can result if the front sight post is blurry due to focusing on the target or other objects. This ensures the majority of the rail grabber is supporting the accessory being mounted to prevent damage to the accessory.

Initial training must be taught correctly the first time. An expert firer is often unaware that arrogance and carelessness complicate problems. If a unit may be employed in an urban environment, the effects of range, gravity, and wind may not be too important, but automatic or burst fire, quick fire, and assault fire would be. The cause could be the result of one or more of the following: A year-round marksmanship sustainment program is needed for the unit to maintain the individual and collective firing proficiency requirements to accomplish its mission.

The same parts should be destroyed on all like materiel, including spare parts, so that the enemy cannot rebuild one complete unit from several damaged units. This also allows the commander to identify soldiers who need special assistance in order to reach required standards, and to recognize soldiers who exceed these standards.

Do your soldiers demonstrate their knowledge of the effects of wind and gravity while firing out to meters?